In accordance with the objectives of the project, the report aims to analyse the development of social enterprises in Italy covering the period from the end of the Second World War to 2014, in order to achieve a better understanding of the historical path undertaken by Italian social entrepreneurship.
The report focuses on the main steps that have led to the institutionalization of the Italian social enterprise sector, which took root from an important and long tradition of cooperatives and many other third sector organizations, paying attention to how political/social changes have influenced it across the time.
“Between the 1970s and the 1980s, the Italian socio-economic context endured a critical period with important changes (…). The service market itself showed strong deficiencies in response to growing demand with an adequate supply of both business and service. For these reasons, the social co-operatives developed new initiatives in order to respond to unmet needs, especially in the field of work integration, health, education and personal services. (…) Therefore, co-operatives needed to change their traditional structure“
The report is based on the national literature review (available policy documents, academic and “grey” literature, etc.) on Social entrepreneurship and Social innovation in relation with Social inclusion issues. Furthermore, it was possible to gather important information with national experts in the field of social economy and social entrepreneurship.
Social Enterprise, Social Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship in Italy: A National Report
Mario Biggeri, Enrico Testi, Marco Bellucci, Serena Franchi e Giacomo Manetti
ARCO Action Research for CO-development
PIN S.c.r.l. Servizi didattici e scientifici per l’Università di Firenze